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Skirmishes near Croton River, New York

From Diary of the American Revolution, Vol II.  Compiled by Frank Moore and published in 1859.

May 14—Yesterday, about four o’clock in the afternoon, Colonel Delancey, with about one hundred cavalry and two hundred foot, marched from Morrisania, in New York, and penetrated about thirty-three miles into the country, distant one mile and a half beyond Croton River, which they crossed with great difficulty, from its being then unusually deep; the cavalry were obliged to carry the foot on horseback, and many of them were forced to swim. Directly after crossing the river, Captain Kipp, of the horse, and Lieutenant Totten, of the rangers, with the troops under their command, attacked the rebel Colonel Greene,1 with a number of Continental troops; the colonel was mortally wounded, and Major Flagg, with twelve privates, were killed. The doctor, with twelve or thirteen men, were taken prisoners. At the same time, Captain Knapp, of the horse, with a detachment under his command, attacked the house of the widow Griffin, about half a mile distant from the above, where he took one ensign and twenty privates, and killed eight men.

On their return, Captain Kipp took five militiamen, and killed three, without the loss of a man. Lieutenant Totten was slightly wounded in the side. The above service was completely effected in twenty-four hours. After the rebels had, on a summons, consented to surrender, they fired out of the windows of a house into which they had retreated, thereby provoking the conquerors to storm it.2


1 Colonel Christopher Greene, of Rhode Island, who defended Bed Bank, on the Delaware, in 1777.
2 Gaine’s Mercury, May 21.