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Wayne’s Attack on the Bergen Block-House

From Diary of the American Revolution, Vol II.  Compiled by Frank Moore and published in 1859.

July 19.—This morning, the first and second Pennsylvania brigades, commanded by Brigadier-General Wayne, marched from their respective encampments for the purpose of collecting and bringing off those cattle in Bergen county, New Jersey, immediately exposed to the enemy. After executing the order, General Wayne, on his return, visited a block-house in the vicinity of Bergen town, built and garrisoned by a number of refugees, to prevent the disagreeable necessity of being forced into the British sea-service. The work was found proof against light artillery, when a part of the first and second Pennsylvania regiments were ordered to attempt it by assault; when, after forcing their way through the abattis and pickets, a retreat was indispensably necessary, there being no other entrance into the block-house but a subterraneous passage, sufficient for one man to pass. The American loss consists of sixty-nine, including three officers, killed and wounded. Lieutenant Moody, and six of his party, were taken on their return from an excursion to Sussex.1


1 Pennsylvania Packet, July 25.